The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) is a global civil society coalition of hundreds of organizations working for a world without antipersonnel landmines, where the suffering cause by these weapons has ended, and where the rights of victims are upheld and realized.

2017 Operational Plan

This plan summarizes the priorities and activities of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines-Cluster Munition Coalition (ICBL-CMC) in 2017, in line with the ICBL-CMC Strategy 2017-20121. The plan describes priorities on universalization and implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and the Mine Ban Treaty (MBT).

I)                    Executive Summary

In 2017, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines and the Cluster Munition Coalition (ICBL-CMC) will work toward a world that is free from landmines and cluster munitions, using the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions, and their respective Action Plans, as the best frameworks to achieve this end.[1] In 2016, in consultation with members and other key stakeholders, the ICBL-CMC developed a new strategy for the next five years. Through our Strategy 2017-2021, we will pursue our mission by working towards three goals:

  1. No more use of cluster munitions and landmines
  2. A significant decrease in land contaminated by landmines and cluster munitions
  3. Measurable progress in the quality of life for victims of landmines and cluster munitions

The ICBL-CMC Strategy 2017-2021 charts the course for our collective actions and provides the framework to set annual operational and thematic priorities, as well as country-specific targets, for both campaigns. In 2017, the primary focus of the ICBL-CMC will be on the universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the strengthening of the norm against the use of cluster munitions. Significant anniversaries for the Mine Ban Treaty and the ICBL will be leveraged to advance efforts to finish the job of treaty implementation by 2025. Global monitoring of the use of antipersonnel landmines, including improvised landmines, will remain a priority, to preserve the strong norm against their use. Some campaign members will seize opportunities to advance the universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty. The implementation of both treaties will be promoted through country-specific strategies, mainly implemented by national campaigns with some financial and technical support from the ICBL-CMC staff, and by global actions undertaken by members.

The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor will remain the leading and most comprehensive source of information on landmines and cluster munitions and will provide the foundation for work towards all three goals of the ICBL-CMC, both at the international level and for our members working at the national level.

II)                  Goal 1 -- No more use of cluster munitions or antipersonnel landmines

Objective 1A) At least 130 States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions by 2020

Indicators:

  • # of states that have ratified or acceded
  • Interim steps taken by states toward joining

Targets for 2017:

The following states are the Cluster Munition Coalition’s priority states for dialogue on ratification or accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2017. They either possess stockpiles of cluster munitions, have used cluster munitions in the past, or have territory under their jurisdiction or control that is known or suspected to be contaminated with cluster munition remnants: Angola, Cambodia, DR Congo, Indonesia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Thailand, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe.

The following states are also priorities for the Cluster Munition Coalition in 2017. They do not possess stockpiles of cluster munitions, are not producers, have not used the weapon and are not contaminated with cluster munition remnants. They have either stated their readiness to join the Convention, or have no known obstacles to joining, or it is otherwise believed that timely dialogue could yield positive results: Bahamas, Benin, Cyprus, Djibouti, Gabon, The Gambia, Jamaica, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Nepal, Namibia, Philippines, Sao Tome & Principe, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tanzania, and Uganda.

Strategies to work towards this objective:

Universalization will remain a priority for the Cluster Munition Coalition in 2017. We will combine international advocacy with country-specific strategies in target states to increase the number of states who join the Convention this year. We will work with key partners, such as the Convention on Cluster Munitions’ Presidency as well as Coordinators for universalization, to reinforce one another’s efforts, including by encouraging interim steps towards ratification or accession. Advocacy will be informed by up-to-date Cluster Munition Monitor country profiles for approximately 100 states and other areas that have yet to ratify or accede to the Convention. We will engage with the media both to promote new ratifications and accessions and to celebrate new States Parties.

The 10th anniversary of the start of the Oslo process on 23 February will serve as an opportunity to mobilize CMC members to take action to advance the universalization of the Convention and to strengthen the stigma against cluster munition use.

Objective 1B) Strengthened norm against cluster munitions and landmines

Indicators:

  • # of states that condemn use
  • # of denials of use
  • non-use/decrease in use
  • de facto compliance with the treaties among states not party (such as halted production or transfers, stockpile destruction, etc)
  • # of states not party voting in favor of relevant UN resolutions in support of the Conventions

Targets for 2017:

Any state that uses cluster munitions or landmines in 2017 will be a target. In addition, the following states will be encouraged to take interim steps towards compliance with the Convention on Cluster Munitions: Algeria, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Libya, Nepal, Mongolia, Singapore, Sudan, Thailand, Uganda, and the United States. States Parties that transferred cluster munitions in the past will be especially encouraged to publicly condemn the use of those cluster munitions if such use occurs.

Strategies to work toward this objective:

The ICBL-CMC will work towards this objective through two reinforcing strategies. We will continue to monitor all use of both cluster munitions and antipersonnel landmines and will react to condemn all use for which there is strong evidence. In reacting, we will call on users to end use and we will call on the international community to investigate and condemn use. We will work closely with treaty leadership and provide them with accurate and timely data. Campaign members in relevant states (where there is use, users, or producers of landmines or cluster munitions) will be supported to advocate to end use or production.

At the same time, we will work proactively to strengthen the norm against the use of cluster munitions and to maintain the strong norm against antipersonnel landmines, including improvised landmines. This will include work to stigmatize the production of cluster munitions, through the Stop Explosive Investments campaign, to clarify the position of States Parties on foreign stockpiling and transfers of cluster munitions, and to promote more votes in favor of the UN General Assembly resolution in support of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

A series of activities planned for the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Mine Ban Treaty and the 25th anniversary of the ICBL will raise awareness about the need to stop all use of landmines and to further universalize of the treaty.

III)                Goal 2 -- Decrease in land contaminated by cluster munitions or landmines

Objective 2A) Convention on Cluster Munitions States Parties complete clearance as soon as possible, by their respective Article 4 deadlines

Indicators:

  • # of States Parties that are on track and/or can demonstrate steps taken to work towards their Article 4 deadline
  • States Parties with contamination that have not yet taken any meaningful steps to implement Article 4, start land release activities
  • # of States Parties with contamination that submit an Article 7 report and make good-quality public statements that disaggregate land release activities by non-technical survey, technical survey and clearance

Targets for 2017: Afghanistan, Chad, Chile, Iraq, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Montenegro, and Somalia

Strategies to work towards this objective:

The CMC will continue to monitor all states contaminated by cluster munition remnants and to track land release progress for all States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions. We will support our members, both national campaigns and clearance operators, in their country-specific strategies to promote effective and efficient clearance. At the international level, we will represent clearance advocacy messages of our members at the Meeting of States Parties and will work with Convention leaders to disseminate lessons learned by the Coordinators on Clearance and Risk Reduction Education and to promote efficient land release at international and regional meetings.

Objective 2B) Mine Ban Treaty States Parties complete clearance as soon as possible, by their respective Article 5 deadlines or by 2025 at the latest

Indicators:

  • # of States Parties that are on track and/or can demonstrate steps taken to work towards their Article 5 deadline
  • States Parties submit good-quality extension requests for the minimum amount of time necessary
  • # of States Parties with new use of antipersonnel mines and/or with newly discovered contamination that disclose the information and recognize their status of mine-affected states with obligations under Article 5
  • # of States Parties with contamination that submit an Article 7 report and make good-quality public statements that disaggregate land release activities by non-technical survey, technical survey and clearance
  • # of States Parties that recognize that contamination by improvised mines activated by a person is covered by the scope of Article 5

Targets for 2017: Angola, Cameroon, Colombia, Iraq, Mozambique, Nigeria, Palau, Thailand, Ukraine, Zimbabwe

Strategies to work towards this objective:

The ICBL will continue to monitor all states contaminated by landmines and to track land release progress for all States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty. We will support our members, both national campaigns and clearance operators, in their country-specific strategies to promote effective and efficient clearance. We will encourage national campaigns in affected states to mark Mine Ban Treaty commemorations by promoting mine clearance by national treaty deadlines or by 2025 at the latest.

At the international level, we will comment on all extension requests, offering expert input directly to the Committee on Article 5 Implementation, and sharing analysis with all States Parties through public statements. We will hold bilateral meetings with requesting states and make recommendations to increase the quality of requests as relevant.

We will engage with the media to applaud those states who complete clearance and are on track to complete clearance by their deadline, while also promoting more efficient clearance in other states.

Objective 2C) Sufficient national and international funding for landmine and cluster munition clearance

Indicators:

  • Sustained levels of funding for clearance
  • # of States Parties with demonstrated need and a national plan to use international resources that receive funding

Targets for 2017: Responsive targeting that 1) highlights the clearance needs of states with the greatest needs, such as states in conflict or fragile states; 2) demonstrates opportunities to address these needs among states with the ability to assist; and 3) promotes sustained national support

Strategies to work towards this objective:

The ICBL-CMC will continue to track all international and national support for mine action and to produce the most comprehensive reporting available on this topic. Through fact sheets and statements, we will use our data and findings to inform discussions about support to mine action and to promote sufficient resources for clearance efforts. We will make country-specific information available for regional and national discussions on mine action and will respond to regular queries from members of the mine action community and the media.

IV)                Goal 3 -- Measurable progress in the quality of life for victims of landmines and cluster munitions

Objective 3A) States Parties act to address the needs of victims and other people with similar needs as a matter of national priority

Indicators:

  • # of states that identify victim assistance progress and/or challenges in treaty statements or Article 7 reports, through national policy statements or plans, or in their reporting to the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, including in states that are mine-free
  • Victim assistance recognized as a priority for treaty leadership, in outcome documents of annual meetings of States Parties and in discussions or outcomes of other treaty-related fora
  • # of states prioritizing victim assistance among other broader policy measures, such as disability, development or poverty reduction

Targets for 2017: Lao PDR, DR Congo, Afghanistan, Colombia, Cambodia, and Serbia

Strategies to work towards this objective:

The ICBL-CMC will provide financial and/or technical support to campaign members in affected countries to enable their national advocacy for the prioritization of victim assistance in a way that addresses the greatest needs of landmine and cluster munition victims. This advocacy will be supported by detailed data from the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, covering the 33 states with a significant number of victims. Monitor research will also map victim assistance service providers to show their relationship to existing national policies, plans and the legal framework in which they operate, in order to contribute to greater sustainability of assistance and an integrated approach. National campaigns in target countries will be encouraged to mark ICBL and Mine Ban Treaty anniversaries by taking action, with a focus on implementation of victim assistance and on raising awareness of the needs of victims.

At the international level, the ICBL-CMC will influence positive change by sharing recommendations with and presenting evidence-based messages to treaty leadership, government representatives and decision-makers during in-person meetings in Geneva and capitals; through correspondence; and by making statements at annual Meetings of States Parties. We will conduct bilateral meetings to reinforce the messages of our national campaigns during Meetings of States Parties and in other fora.

Objective 3B) Increase in the meaningful and sustained participation of victims in decision-making at the international and national levels

Indicators:

  • States with meaningful and/or sustained victim participation in national coordinating bodies and/or close consultation with victims
  • Survivors/victims participating meaningfully in international and regional meetings where victim assistance/disability issues are raised

Targets for 2017: Afghanistan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Cambodia, Colombia

Strategies to work toward this objective:

The ICBL-CMC will promote the participation of survivors in all international, regional and national meetings of the Mine Ban Treaty and Convention on Cluster Munitions as well as other relevant fora. We will encourage affected States Parties to consider including a survivor on their delegation to Meetings of States Parties and will continue our practice of including survivors as part of ICBL and CMC delegations.

We will support the efforts of national campaigns to advocate for survivor participation in all decision-making that impacts their lives. The Monitor will support this advocacy by tracking the quantity and quality of survivor participation in the 33 States Parties with a significant number of victims.

The ICBL will guide national campaigns in target countries to focus on the need for meaningful survivor participation and will ensure the participation of survivors in global events to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the ICBL and the 20th anniversary of the Mine Ban Treaty.

Objective 3C) Sufficient funding to meet treaty commitments and obligations towards landmine and cluster munition victims

Indicators:

  • # of States Parties demonstrating their needs for international resources and a national plan to use them
  • Inclusion of the topic of victim assistance funding in treaty meetings or specific conferences to discuss resources and support for mine action
  • Resources dedicated to survivors’ representative groups, including in-kind, national and international support

Targets for 2017: Responsive targeting that 1) highlights the victim assistance needs of states with the greatest needs, such as states in conflict or fragile states; 2) demonstrates opportunities to address these needs among states with the ability to assist; and 3) promotes sustained national support

Strategies to achieve this objective:

The ICBL-CMC will track all international and national support for victim assistance, as a pillar of mine action, and will continue to produce the most comprehensive reporting available on this topic. Through fact sheets and statements, we will use our data and findings to inform discussions about support to mine action and to promote sufficient resources for victim assistance. We will advocate for the inclusion of funding for victim assistance as a topic for discussion in relevant international, regional and national meetings on mine action, and will make country-specific information available as needed.

V)                  The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor

The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor is the most trusted and authoritative source of data on landmines and cluster munitions and is used by states and other key partners to inform their decisions and activities. Research findings also serve as the basis for all ICBL-CMC advocacy and campaigning, and as an important hook for generating media attention on issues of concern. In 2017, the experts and organizations that make up the leadership of Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor will continue to serve as the key resource for information regarding progress on norms created by the Mine Ban Treaty and Convention on Cluster Munitions and the implementation of both treaties.

The Monitor will maintain global coverage of landmine and cluster munition policy issues, clearance and contamination, casualties, victim assistance and support for mine action. Its two flagship publications, the Landmine Monitor and the Cluster Munition Monitor, will remain comprehensive in nature, providing an overview of all relevant issues facing the ban community.

These publications represent just the tip of the iceberg- the Monitor’s greatest resource is the knowledge and expertise of its research and editorial team who remain apprised of breaking news and ongoing trends. Based on the events in 2017 and the needs of the field, the Monitor will also publish additional fact sheets, infographics, briefing papers and maps, to inform the community and guide States Parties to both conventions in fulfilling their obligations. Monitor team members will also present finding are various fora around the world, providing relevant expertise in real time to ongoing discussions of landmine and cluster munitions policy and implementation issues.

Expected publications for 2017:

  • Cluster Munition Monitor 2017
  • Landmine Monitor 2017
  • Maps – global representations of landmine and cluster munition progress on treaty norms, recent use, contamination, and casualties, including online interactive maps
  • Factsheets, special reports and infographics-
  1. Impact of Mines/ERW on Children – published annually on or near the Universal Children’s Day since 2008, this factsheet details assistance to children as well as child casualties due to landmines and explosive remnants of war.
  2. Support for Mine Action (infographic) – Visual representations of trends in international, national and thematic support for mine action to be released prior to 2017 pledging conference.
  3. Victim Assistance in the Context of Disability & Rights - Stand-alone victim assistance reporting, comparison and analysis continuing from previous “Equal Basis” summaries and the special report “Frameworks on victim assistance”.
  4. Mapping of victim assistance actors and service providers -The victim assistance team will build on its unique country-based charts of service providers to improve understanding of the actors involved in addressing the needs mine and cluster munition victims and under which existing national policies, plans and legal framework these services operate, to contribute to the integrated approach to victim assistance.

VI)                Preliminary Calendar 2017

January

  • Global action targeting South Korean company, Poongsan, urging it to stop cluster munition production, launched 16 January

February

  • 16th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates, 2-5 February, Bogota
  • International Meeting of Mine Action National Programme Directors and United Nations Advisors, 7-10 February, Geneva
  • 10th Anniversary of the launch of the Oslo Process, 23 February
  • 2nd Pledging Conference on Implementation of the Mine Ban Treaty, 28 February, Geneva

March

  • 18th Anniversary of entry into force of the Mine Ban Treaty, 1 March
  • Country Coalition Workshop on implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, 16-17 March, Bangkok

April

  • International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action, 4 April
  • 136th Inter-Parliamentary Assembly (IPU), 1-5 April, Dhaka
  • 14th International Symposium on Mine Action, 25-27 April, Biograd na Moru

May

  • Stop Explosive Investment Global Day of Action & Launch of ‘Worldwide Investments in Cluster Munitions: A shared responsibility’ report, 23 May

June

  • Intersessional Meetings of the Mine Ban Treaty, 8-9 June, Geneva
  • Annual Conference of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 13-15 June, New York

August

  • 7th Anniversary of entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, 1 August
  • Launch of Cluster Munition Monitor 2017 report, 31 August (tbc)

September

  • 7th Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, 4-6 September, Geneva
  • 20th Anniversary of the adoption of the Mine Ban Treaty, 18 September

October

  • 20th Anniversary of the Nobel Peace Prize award to ICBL and Jody Williams, October 
  • 25th Anniversary of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, October
  • First Committee meetings of the UN General Assembly, October, New York

November

  • Conference of the Convention on Conventional Weapons, 20-25 November, Geneva

December

  • Launch of Landmine Monitor 2017 report, 14 December
  • 20th Anniversary of the Mine Ban Treaty signing, 3 December 
  • 16th Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty, 18-21 December, Vienna

[1] The 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Mine Ban Treaty), the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions, the 2014-2019 Maputo Action Plan and the 2015-2020 Dubrovnik Action Plan.

Download the plan in PDF.