International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
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The Treaty

The Mine Ban Treaty (1997) is the best framework for solving the problems still posed by antipersonnel mines all over the world. The mobilization of thousands of ordinary citizens, through the ICBL and the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) campaign network, has played a crucial part in the adoption of this international treaty and the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions.

Mine Ban Treaty

Ban History

The so-called Ottawa Process that led to the signing of the Mine Ban Treaty in 1997 was unorthodox, historic and unprecedented. The treaty is the product of an unusually cohesive and strategic partnership between non-governmental organizations, international organizations, United Nations agencies and governments.

Treaty Basics

Can States Parties to the treaty ever use antipersonnel mines? Does the treaty make a difference in the global landmine problem? Is the treaty worthwhile without Russia, China and the U.S.A on board? Find answers to these questions - and more - in this section.

Annual Meetings (MSP & RC)

States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty, some States not party and many observers hold annual meetings in a mine-affected country or in Geneva, Switzerland. The ICBL has a prominent role in these meetings: we bring expertise from the field, make the voice of survivors heard and lobby governments to ensure they respect their commitments.

Intersessional Meetings (ISC)

Four Standing Committees meet once a year in Geneva, Switzerland, to address issues related to the practical implementation of the treaty. The ICBL actively participates in those meetings, which are opened to States Parties, States not party, international and non-governmental organizations.

Treaty Text in Many Languages

The Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish versions of the Mine Ban Treaty are official and equally authentic. Governments and ICBL campaigns have translated the treaty in dozens of other languages, available in this section. Download PDF Version (194.00 kB)

United Nations Resolutions

Every year, there is a United Nations General Assembly resolution in support of the total ban on antipersonnel landmines and the Mine Ban Treaty.