Printed from: www.icbl.org/Work/MBT/Disarmament/Mines-Retained-What-Are-They-Used-For
The Mine Ban Treaty allows States Parties to keep or transfer antipersonnel mines for training and research in mine clearance (Article 3). The number of mines retained should "not exceed the minimum number absolutely necessary", which the ICBL believes should be in the hundreds or thousands or less, but not tens of thousands. In fact, we encourage States Parties to keep none at all, since training and research do not necessarily depend on using live mines.
States retaining mines should declare the intended purposes and actual uses of these mines. States that retain antipersonnel mines and do not use any of these mines for permitted purposes abuse the exception permitted by Article 3.
States Parties need to take a closer look at how Article 3 is being implemented, and to carefully consider if there are compliance matters to address. The ICBL is concerned that:
The ICBL continues to question the need for live antipersonnel mines for training and calls on States Parties to continue to evaluate the necessity for this exception, especially for those states that have not used mines for permitted purposes in prior years.
The ICBL urges all States Parties that retain mines under Article 3 to adopt the following best practices in order to ensure that the exception granted for retaining antipersonnel mines is not being misused: