09 November 2010

The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) enthusiastically welcomes the opening of the historic First Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions and commends Lao PDR for the leadership role it has taken on the cluster munitions issue. The humanitarian aims and practical implementation of the Mine Ban Treaty and Convention on Cluster Munitions are closely related -- the ICBL urges Lao PDR to follow up on its previous statements that "the Lao PDR would be able to become party to the Mine Ban Treaty in the coming years" by doing so at the earliest opportunity, to ensure better protection of civilian lives from indiscriminate, victim-activated weapons.


Governments must deliver action plan on cluster bomb ban. States at historic meeting in Laos urged to keep up momentum to save lives. (Vientiane, Lao PDR, 9 November 2010) - Governments have no time to waste to turn the promises of the new international treaty banning cluster munitions into concrete, live-saving actions, said the Cluster Munition Coalition today. The treaty's historic First Meeting of States Parties is being held from 9-12 November in Lao PDR.

"By bringing this landmark treaty into effect so quickly, nations have sent a resounding message that cluster bombs have no place in today's world," said Thomas Nash, Coordinator of the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC). "We're encouraged that at least seven countries have already destroyed their stockpiles under the treaty. States must keep up the momentum and deliver on all of their treaty obligations." This is a defining moment in the life of the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions, the most significant disarmament treaty in over a decade, which entered into force as binding international law on 1 August 2010.

The Convention bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions and requires the destruction of stockpiles, clearance of cluster munition remnants from affected land and the provision of assistance to victims and affected communities. To date, 108 countries have signed the treaty and 46 have already ratified, including three in the past week - Guatemala and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, as well as Lebanon, one of the most heavily affected countries in the world.More than 110 governments are attending the Vientiane meeting - including over two dozen countries outside the treaty - as well as UN agencies, international organisations and more than 400 representatives of global civil society, including cluster bomb survivors, under the umbrella of the CMC.

At least 18 governments have sent ministerial-level representatives to the meeting, which was opened today by Lao President Choummaly Sayasone and will be chaired by Lao Deputy Prime Minister/Foreign Minister Thongloun Sisoulith. "Now's the time for states to show that this convention can really make a difference on the ground, and improve the lives of those who have suffered from the weapons," said Channapha Khamvongsa, Executive Director of Legacies of War, a CMC member. "Countries need to speed up clearance, victim assistance and stockpile destruction work, and commit more resources to solving this pressing problem."

The Vientiane meeting will adopt a political declaration - the "Vientiane Declaration" - that reaffirms the global commitment to eradicate cluster bombs and end the harm they have caused. States will also adopt a far-reaching "Vientiane Action Plan", containing 65 concrete steps nations will take to implement their legal obligations under the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions. States will also adopt a format for transparency reporting and a programme of work for 2011.

While much remains to be done, countries have already begun work to implement their treaty obligations. Since the treaty was signed: Albania and Zambia have declared their territory free of cluster munition contamination; millions of stockpiled cluster munitions have been destroyed in countries including Belgium, Colombia, Moldova, Montenegro, Portugal, Norway and Spain; and new donor funding has been secured for affected countries such as Lao PDR. "Lifesaving work to clear cluster munitions is already going on and we know what's needed to assist victims and survivors," said Thoummy Silamphan, a Laotian who lost his left hand in a cluster munition incident when he was 8 years old and now campaigns on behalf of the Ban Advocates initiative of Handicap International-Belgium, a CMC member. "We just need the world to speed up and expand this work so that we can end the harm and ensure there are no more victims of 'bombies,' in Laos or anywhere else."

All countries affected by cluster munition use should be encouraged by the leadership role Lao PDR has taken, the CMC said. As the most heavily cluster-bombed country in the world, Lao PDR is a strong example of why urgent action is needed. Following an intensive US bombing campaign from 1964-1973, millions of unexploded cluster submunitions - locally known as "bombies" - affect 25% of all villages in Lao PDR nearly four decades after armed conflict ended and continue to devastate communities and the economy.

The CMC urges all states to ratify or accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions without delay. The high level of participation at the Vientiane meeting by states that have not yet joined the treaty shows that the norm is growing."This Convention is the death knell for cluster munitions," said Steve Goose, co-chair of the CMC and director of the Arms Division at Human Rights Watch. "Even those countries that have not yet joined are feeling the power of its stigmatisation of the weapon. No one should ever again recklessly and knowingly threaten civilian lives by using cluster munitions."

The CMC will continue to monitor how states implement the Convention of Cluster Munitions, and the findings will be published annually by Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor. The first annual Cluster Munition Monitor was launched in Bangkok, Thailand on 1 November 2010, and the report can be found online at http: www.the-monitor.org/index.php/publications/display?url=cmm/2010/

For more information and to arrange interviews, please contact: In Vientiane, Lao PDR, Conor Fortune (English, Spanish): +856-20-5457-9109 (Lao mobile); or +44-7515575174 (UK mobile); or conor@stopclustermunitions.org - In Vientiane, Lao PDR, Samantha Bolton (English, French, Italian): +856-20-5457-9110 (Lao mobile); +41-79-239-2366 (Swiss mobile); or clustermunitioncoalition@gmail.com


About cluster bombs. A cluster munition (or cluster bomb) is a weapon containing multiple - often hundreds - of small explosive submunitions or bomblets. Cluster munitions are dropped from the air or fired from the ground and designed to break open in mid-air, releasing the submunitions over an area that can be the size of several football fields. This means they cannot discriminate between civilians and soldiers. Many of the submunitions fail to explode on impact and remain a threat to lives and livelihoods for decades after a conflict.

About the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The Convention on Cluster Munitions bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions and requires countries to clear affected areas within 10 years and destroy stockpiles of the weapon within eight. The Convention includes groundbreaking provisions requiring assistance to victims and affected communities. Signed in Oslo in December 2008, the Convention entered into force as binding international law on 1 August 2010 and is the most significant international disarmament treaty since the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty banning antipersonnel landmines.

About the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC). The CMC is an international coalition with more than 350 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working in around 100 countries to encourage urgent action against cluster bombs. The CMC facilitates NGO efforts worldwide to educate governments, the public and the media about the problems of cluster munitions and to urge universalisation and full implementation of the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions.http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/

The following 108 countries have signed the Convention. Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, DR Congo, Republic of Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, The Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia FYR, Madagascar , Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tomé and Principe, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Zambia.

Of these, the following 46 countries have ratified the Convention. Albania (16 Jun 2009), Antigua & Barbuda (23 Aug 2010), Austria (2 Apr 2009), Belgium (22 Dec 2009), Bosnia & Herzegovina (7 Sep 2010), Burkina Faso (16 February 2010), Burundi (25 Sep 2009), Cape Verde, (19 October 2010), Comoros (28 July 2010), Croatia (17 Aug 2009), Denmark (12 February 2010), Ecuador (11 May 2010), Fiji (28 May 2010), France (25 Sep 2009), Germany (8 Jul 2009), Guatemala (3 Nov 2010), The Holy See (3 Dec 2008), Ireland (3 Dec 2008), Japan (14 Jul 2009), Lao PDR (18 Mar 2009), Lebanon (5 Nov 2010), Lesotho (28 May 2010), Luxembourg (10 Jul 2009), Macedonia (8 Oct 2009), Malawi (7 Oct 2009), Mali (30 June 2010), Malta (24 Sep 2009), Mexico (6 May 2009), Moldova (16 February 2010), Monaco (21 Sep 2010), Montenegro (25 January 2010), New Zealand (22 Dec 2009), Nicaragua (6 Nov 2009), Niger (2 Jun 2009), Norway (3 Dec 2008), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (29 Oct 2010), Samoa (28 April 2010), San Marino (10 Jul 2009), Seychelles (20 May 2010), Sierra Leone (3 Dec 2008), Slovenia (19 Aug 2009), Spain (17 Jun 2009), Tunisia (28 Sep 2010), United Kingdom (4 May 2010), Uruguay (24 Sep 2009), Zambia (12 Aug 2009).