Sometimes referred to as the Ottawa Convention, the Mine Ban Treaty is officially titled: the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction. It was adopted in 1997 and it entered into force on 1 March 1999.
When they join the Mine Ban Treaty, states commit to:
- never use antipersonnel mines, nor to develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain, or transfer them
- destroy mines in their stockpiles within four years
- clear all mined areas in their territory within 10 years
- in mine-affected countries, conduct mine risk education and ensure the exclusion of civilians from mined areas
- provide assistance for the care and rehabilitation, and social and economic reintegration, of mine victims
- offer assistance to other States Parties, for example in providing for survivors or contributing to clearance programs
- adopt national implementation measures (such as national legislation) to ensure that the terms of the treaty are upheld in their territory
- report annually on progress in implementing the treaty.
The Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish treaty texts are official and equally authentic.
Below you will also find additional translations, provided by governments and ICBL campaigns. The ICBL cannot vouch for the correctness of any of the non-official translations. In case of legal dispute, please refer to the UN original language texts.